skip to content


The website of the Indian Institute for Human Settlements (IIHS) is created and maintained by IIHS to disseminate information related to the activities, programmes and services of IIHS.  All materials are provided solely for personal, institutional or non-commercial use.

Access to and use of this website is subject to the terms and conditions set forth herein and all applicable laws. By using and participating in this site, you signify that you have read the terms and agree to be bound by and comply with them. IIHS reserves the right to modify these terms at any time.

By continuing to access the site after such modification, you signify your agreement to be bound by them.

  1. Copyright and Use: All content in the IIHS website is copyrighted. For permission to reproduce copyrighted materials, contact the IIHS webmaster. You are free to share, to copy, distribute and transmit the work under the following conditions:
  • Attribution –You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work).
  • Non-commercial –You may not use this work for commercial purposes.
  • No Derivative Works –You may not alter, transform or build upon this work.

With the understanding that:
Waiver – Any of the above conditions can be waived if you get permission from the copyright holder.
Public Domain – Where the work or any of its elements is in the public domain under applicable law, that status is in no way affected by the license.

Other Rights – In no way are any of the following rights affected by the license:

  • Your fair dealing or fair use rights or other applicable copyright exceptions and limitations;
  • The author’s moral rights;
  • Rights other persons may have either in the work itself or in how the work is used, such as publicity or privacy rights.

Explanation: “Work” means the literary and/or artistic work offered under the terms of this license including without limitation any production in the literary, scientific and artistic domain, whatever may be the mode or form of its expression including digital form, such as a book, pamphlet and other writing; a work of drawing, painting, architecture, sculpture, engraving or lithography; a photographic work to which are assimilated works expressed by a process analogous to photography; a work of applied art; an illustration, map, plan, sketch or three-dimensional work relative to geography, topography, architecture or science; a performance; a broadcast; a phonogram; a compilation of data to the extent it is protected as a copyrightable work.

You may use the site for legal purposes only. Furthermore, you agree that, if a third party claims that any material you have contributed to the site is unlawful, you will bear the burden of establishing that the material complies with all applicable laws. IIHS has the right to remove material from the site, block access, or take other action with respect to the site in its sole discretion, although IIHS is under no obligation to do so. You will not use IIHS resources or the website to disseminate unsolicited advertising or promotional material of any kind.

If at any time you become aware of any violation, of any part of these Terms, you will immediately notify us on the contact information provided below and provide us with assistance, as requested, to stop or remedy such violation.

  1. Trademarks: The IIHS logo, name and all graphics on the IIHS website are trademarks of IIHS. Use, reproduction, copying or redistribution of trademarks, without the written permission of IIHS or its affiliates, is prohibited. All other trademarks marks or service marks appearing on the site are the marks of their respective owners. 
  1. PrivacyStatement:   IIHS respects the privacy of its users. When you visit the IIHS site, the following information may be collected from you, either voluntarily or involuntarily: your computer or network’s IP address, which must be validated in order for you to access the IIHS web site; your e-mail address and message when you communicate electronically with us; information about your browser and operating system, date and time of access and the internet address and page which linked you to our site. Information about your visit is gathered in an aggregate manner for quality control, improvement of our site, security and to generate aggregate statistical reports that analyse general user information and demographics. Your information is kept confidential, unaltered, and used only by IIHS. IIHS does not disclose or sell any personally identifiable information collected at this site to other companies or organisations. IIHS also reserves the right to disclose this information under special circumstances, including disclosures required by law, court order or circumstances under which disclosure, in the sole discretion of IIHS, is necessary to protect the legal rights, including the intellectual property rights, of IIHS.
  1. Security Precautions: This site has security measures in place to protect the loss, misuse and alteration of the information under our control. Unfortunately, due to the nature of Internet communications, no data transmission overthe Internet can be guaranteed to be completely secure. While IIHS remains committed to protecting the privacy of our users, we cannot ensure or warrant the security of any information you transmit to us, and you do so at your own risk. Once we receive your transmission, we make our best effort to ensure its security on our systems. We do so by using secure technology, privacy protection controls, and restrictions on employee access, however, we make no representations regarding the veracity of such measures.
  1. Links to Other Sites:The IIHS website may include hyperlinks to websites or frames maintained or controlled by others. IIHS is not responsible for and does not routinely screen, approve, review or endorse the contents of or use of any of the products or services that may be offered at these websites.  IIHS does not warrant, and hereby disclaims any warranties, either express or implied, with respect to the accuracy, adequacy or completeness of any site, information obtained from a site, or link to a site. IIHS does not warrant that sites will operate in an uninterrupted or error-free manner or that sites are free of viruses or other harmful components. Use of information obtained from or through these sites is at your own risk.

    You agree that IIHS will not be liable to you for any loss or damages, either actual or consequential, arising out of or relating to these terms, or to your (or any third party) use or inability to use a site, or to your placement of content on a site, or to your reliance upon information obtained from or through a site. In particular, IIHS will have no liability for any consequential, indirect, punitive, special or incidental damages, whether foreseeable or unforeseeable (including, but not limited to, claims for defamation, errors, loss of data or interruption in the availability of data) arising out of or relating to these terms, or use or inability to use a site, or any purchases on a site, or your placement of content on a site or your reliance upon information obtained from or through a site, whether based on contract, tort, statutory or other law.

    IIHS makes no representation regarding your ability to transmit and receive information from or through the sites and you agree and acknowledge that your ability to access the sites may be impaired due to technological or other restrictions. IIHS disclaims any and all liability resulting from or related to such events.
  1. Indemnification: You agree to indemnify and hold IIHS harmless from any claims, losses or damages, including legal fees, resulting from your violation of these terms, your use of this or any other site or your placement of any content onto this or any other site, and to fully cooperate in IIHS’s defense against any such claims.

    You agree that IIHS will not be liable to you for any loss or damages, either actual or consequential, arising out of or relating to these terms, or to your (or any third party) use or inability to use this site, or to your placement of content on this site, or to your reliance upon information obtained from or through this site. In particular, IIHS will have no liability for any consequential, indirect, punitive, special or incidental damages, whether foreseeable or unforeseeable (including, but not limited to, claims for defamation, errors, loss of data or interruption in the availability of data) arising out of or relating to these terms, or use or inability to use this site, or any purchases on this site, or your placement of content on this site or your reliance upon information obtained from or through this site, whether based on contract, tort, statutory or other law. 
  1. Third Party Content: We neither control nor endorse, nor are responsible for, any Third Party Content and we make no representations or warranties with respect to them. The availability of any Third Party Content through the website does not imply the endorsement of, or affiliation with, any provider of such website or materials. Your use of any Third Party Content is at your own risk and is subject to any terms, conditions and policies applicable to them (such as terms of service or privacy policies of the providers of the Third Party Content).

    You also agree that you shall not frame or mirror any portion of the website, or otherwise incorporate any portion of the website without express prior written consent of IIHS. 
  1. Other: The website may contain errors and omissions relating to services, process or product description, pricing and availability. We reserve the right to correct errors or omissions without prior notice. We also reserve the right to cancel any offered product, process or service in the event of an error or omission in the description, including price, availability or other reason.

    You understand and agree that any of the sessions conducted online may be recorded for research, supervision and educational purposes. The recording shall be done post taking your written consent for the same.

    The website is made available on an “as is” basis with no representation or warranty with respect to its functionality or availability of data and with no guarantee that they are complete, accurate, or timely nor any guarantee regarding any results you or others may obtain from its use. Access to all or parts of any of the website may be suspended at any time without notice. 
  1. General: These Terms constitute the entire agreement between you and IIHS with respect to the subject matter herein and supersedes any and all prior or contemporaneous oral or written agreements. 

Contacting Us
If you have any questions about this Terms of Use, the practices of this site, or your dealings with this website, please email: info at

Nargis Panchapakesan
Former Head and Dean, Central Institute of Education, University of Delhi

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

K. Subramaniam
Former Director, HBCSE, TIFR, Mumbai

Professor K. (Ravi) Subramaniam holds a PhD in Philosophy from IIT, Mumbai. He served as Director of the Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education, TIFR, Mumbai from July 2016 to June 2021.

Professor Subramaniam has worked extensively in the area of mathematics education. He has taught various courses in mathematics education for doctoral students including: Introduction to Mathematics Education Research, Theoretical Perspectives on School Mathematics, Representations and Reasoning, and Philosophy of Education. He was a key contributor to course development of the M.A. Elementary Education programme at the Tata Institute of Social Sciences, and has taught the Pedagogy of Mathematics; Child development and Cognition courses in the programme.   He has mentored and supervised doctoral students across a range of topics including, learning of mathematics, teacher development and mathematics teaching, and science, technology and sustainability.

Professor Subramaniam has a range of publications to his credit in international and national peer reviewed journals. He has authored books for students and teachers, developed manuals and resources for teachers and published various research reports. Professor Subramaniam has made mathematics an enjoyable subject through his books titled - Maths for every child. Some of his key and co-authored publications include: Teachers’ construction of meanings of signed quantities and integer operation, (Journal of Mathematics Teacher Education, 2017) and Mathematics teacher training manual class I and class II. New Delhi: NCERT, (2010).

Professor Geetha B. Nambissan
Former Chairperson ZHCES, SSS, Jawaharlal Nehru University

Professor Geetha B. Nambissan is a sociologist of education. She was formerly with the Zakir Husain Centre for Educational Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. Her research has focused on exclusion, inclusion, and social justice in education with particular reference to the schooling of marginalized sections of Indian society: Dalits, Adivasis, and the poor. She has published widely in these areas. Her current research interests include the privatization of schooling and urban transformations and education. She is the editor of the ‘India' section, in the Second International Handbook on Urban Education (Springer, 2017). Her recent publications include ‘Caste and the Politics of the Early “Public” in Schooling: Dalit Struggle for an Equitable Education’ (Contemporary Education Dialogue, July 2020) and Education and the Changing Urban in Delhi: Privilege and Exclusion in a Megacity (, 2021). She has been President of the Comparative Education Society of India.

Anshu Vaish
Former Secretary, Education, MHRD

Ms. Anshu Vaish, an Indian Administrative Service officer of the batch of 1975, Madhya Pradesh Cadre, superannuated as Secretary, School Education and Literacy in the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. Prior to that, she has worked extensively in the social sector, including culture and school education, serving in the Departments of Women and Child Development, Health, Social Justice and Empowerment. She has also headed the Archaeological Survey of India as its Director General.

Ms. Anshu Vaish has been involved in various assignments over the years. She chaired the Task Force on Restructuring of the National Council for Teacher Education and was a member of NUEPA’s group to draft a Model Education Code for schools. She has served as Chairperson of Rangasri Little Ballet Troupe Trust, Chairperson of PRADAN, Member of the Governing Body of All India Institute of Medical Sciences in Bhopal, and Independent Director on the Board of Steel Authority of India.

Currently, Ms. Vaish serves as Chairperson of Rainbow Foundation of India and Member on the General Body of Centre for Equity Studies. She is also a Member on the governing bodies of KATHA, Swami Sivananda Memorial Institute, and Aga Khan Foundation India.

Sumit Bose
Former Finance Secretary, GOI

Sumit Bose was the Union Finance Secretary and Revenue Secretary in the Ministry of Finance, Government of India till his retirement from the Indian Administrative Service in March, 2014. In the Ministry of Finance he was also Secretary in the Departments of Expenditure and Disinvestment.
As Joint Secretary in the Department of Elementary Education, he was responsible for the launch of the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. He was also Secretary, School Education in Madhya Pradesh.

Currently he serves as an Independent Director on the boards of several companies and on the boards of various non-profits such as Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy, Jal Seva Charitable Foundation (WaterAid India), Parivaar Education Society (Kolkata) and Samaj Pragati Sahayog (Bagli, Dewas).